Chapter 1. Initial Point
1. Military Intelligence
2. Divers, Sabotage, Intelligence
3. Underwater Works' Party for Special Purpose (EPRON)
4. The Company for Special Purpose (RON)
5. Crabb's File
6. Spetsnaz: the GRU and the Navy
7. Animals with Shoulder-Straps
Fear them not therefore: for
there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known...
And fear not
them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear
him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Book of Matthew.
only be silent and sit peacefully when one hath arrow and bow;
otherwise one prateth and quarrelleth. Let your peace be a victory!
From part 6. Spetsnaz: the GRU and the Navy
Parusniki before parachute jumping. 1976.
(Photo from archives of A.Rzhavin).
...And how was it going on
with the naval Spetsnaz? Since the middle of 1953, according
to directives of the Main Headquarters of the Naval Forces
of the USSR, they started to establish completely secret
Detached Naval Reconnaissance Points (OMRPs,
in the beginning they were named Detached Naval
Reconnaissance Divisions) of the Special Intelligence,
purposed for special operations of special importance.
The Special Intelligence is the most active constituent of
military intelligence and paramount tool for executing secret
combat tasks during threatened period. It is necessary to
note that the Special Intelligence closely co-operated with
At the meantime, each OMRP got its legend
in order not to irritate Communistic leadership of the country
once again and with a view to raise secrecy. Definite numbers
of training diving repair-rescue detachments or schools
were given to them. Isolation of whole system of Naval Intelligence
and steady corporativity of naval scouts also favoured diminishing
the leakage of disturbing and biased information about established
points of the Special Intelligence.
Already in the second part of 1950s they
approved following basic tasks for naval razvedpunkty
1. Reconnaissance of location of launching
sites of long-range and middle-range missiles on shore
depots of nuclear, chemical, and bacteriological weapon,
airfields, places of distribution of military ships and of
concentration of landing ships, troops and equipment of
enemy, as well as exposure of location of super-range
radars and their basic tactical and technical facts.
2.To inform of time of departure and composition
of aircraft carriers' formations, convoys, groups of landing and
combatant ships, including ships equipped for launching
guided missiles, from ports and bases of enemy.
3. Pointing aviation and missiles at
4. Execution of special tasks of headquarters.
5. Before beginning of military operations during
peace-time to help agents to penetrate secretly into
reconnoitering countries without calling at territorial
waters with used vessels of civilian departments
6. Execution of special tasks for getting
or capturing secret documents, equipment or captives.
Author of the book в полях
подсолнечника around Parusnoye. 1976.
(Photo from archives of A.Rzhavin).
7. Sabotage for destruction or disabling
important objects in bases, ports or on shore of enemy.
8. At the beginning of military operations
to help scouts and agents to penetrate into the
9. Search for and removal of secret documents,
apparatus, and equipment from sunken ships and vessels.
10. Training divers for the GRU and diver-scouts
for war time reserve.
11. Training agents of war time agents' reserve
for agents' intelligence in ways of penetration into enemy's
rear with diving equipment;
12. Testing reconnaissance technics,
apparatus, special means, equipment and weapon.
At the same time such methods of
landing of reconnaissance and saboteurs' groups on enemy's shore
– from submarines in underwater position;
– from aircrafts with parachutes
on water and land;
– from above-water ships or submarines in
a) with slow speed, by method of jumping
and diving into the water with diver equipment put on;
b) with inflatable rubber boats;
c) swimming with hermetic rubber
bags, designed for equipment and weapon.
During peace-time there are card indexes of
standard objects for reconnaissance in the units.
Possible areas, infrastructure, climate, versions of
actions are also explored. Sources of information could
be very different. For instance, there was luxurious photo-book
about castles of Great Britain in the unit of Spetsnaz in the
Baltic Fleet – lords boasted of their
real estate, and combat swimmers made use of it...